Brain Injury (TBI) Statistics in America That Will Shock You…

Robbie Adams March 28th 2018



Last week we discussed some shocking statistics in Canada about Traumatic Brain Injury and how it could affect  you, the causes of TBI and what part of the population is at greater risk of head injury.

TBI Picture

In this article, we will discuss the shocking data in the United States of America and other relatable statistics about Traumatic Brain Injury and how it can relate to your everyday life. We will also examine ways and techniques to minimise your chances of head injury through research, case studies and simple to follow precautions that can bring more awareness to this unfortunately common injury. So let’s begin part 2 of our series: Brain Injury (TBI) Statistics in America That Will Shock You…

TBI Question

Did You Know?

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability in the United States. TBI contributes to about 30% of all injury deaths. Every day, 153 people in the United States die from injuries that include TBI. Those who survive a TBI can face effects that last a few days, or the rest of their lives.

Brain death

How Does TBI Happen?

  • The head being struck by an object, such as a bat or a fist during a fight.
  • The head striking an object, such as the dashboard in a car accident or the ground in a fall, or
  • The head being affected by a nearby blast or explosion.
  • Direct or indirect impact playing sports or other related activities.

Head Impact

Who suffers from TBI?

Males outnumber females by at least 2:1 in frequency of TBIs. Individuals between the ages of 0 to 4 and those 15 to 19 are at high risk for TBI, as are the elderly.

Male and Female

How severe is a TBI?

Severity of the TBI is determined at the time of the injury and is based on:

  • Length of the loss of consciousness
  • Length of memory loss or disorientation
  • How responsive the individual was after the injury, for example, whether they were able to follow commands

The severity of the injury ranges from mild (a brief disorientation or loss of consciousness) to severe (an extended loss of consciousness or a penetrating brain injury).  Mild TBI is also known as concussion.


By The Numbers

From 2001 to 2012, the rate of emergency department for sports and recreation-related injuries with a diagnosis of concussion or TBI, alone or in combination with other injuries, more than doubled among children (age 19 or younger).

  • In 2012, an estimated 329,290 children (age 19 or younger) were treated in U.S.
  • In 2013,1 about 2.8 million TBI-related emergency department  visits, hospitalizations, and deaths occurred in the United States.
  • Over the span of six years (2007–2013), while rates of TBI-related emergency department increased by 47%.
  • TBI contributed to the deaths of nearly 50,000 people.
  • TBI was a diagnosis in more than 282,000 hospitalizations and 2.5 million emergency department visits.


Prevention Measures

You can lower your risk of Traumatic Brain Injury by following some practical and easy to follow guidelines and or procedures.

  • Do not place obstacles in walking pathway
  • Use the rails on stairways
  • Always wear a helmet when on a bicycle, motorcycle, scooter, snowmobile and other open unrestrained vehicles
  • Always wear a seat belt in a motor vehicle
  • Use an appropriate child safety seat or a booster seat
  • Provide adequate lighting, especially on stairs for people with poor vision
  • Place bars on windows to prevent children from falling


Road To Recovery

Although most people recover after a concussion, how quickly they improve depends on many factors. These factors include how severe their concussion was, their age, how healthy they were before the concussion, and how they take care of themselves after the injury.

  • Avoid activities that are physically or require a lot of concentration. They can make your symptoms worse and slow your recovery research has shown.
  • Because your ability to react may be slower after a concussion, ask your health care professional when you can safely drive a car, ride a bike, or operate heavy equipment.
  • Avoid activities, such as contact or recreational sports, that could lead to another concussion.
  • Do not drink alcoholic beverages until your health care professional says you are well enough. Research has shown that alcohol and other drugs may slow your recovery and put you at risk of further injury.
  • Get plenty of sleep at night, and rest during the day.
  • Talk with your health care professional about when you can return to work.
  • Take only those drugs that your health care professional has approved.


Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) / Cold Laser Therapy

For many years, LLLT has been effectively used to treat patients for a range of musculoskeletal conditions, most notably cervical and lumbar spine conditions, arthritis and repetitive stress injuries. Preliminary scientific research, including animal studies and case reports, along with the case studies presented here, suggests that LLLT may be an effective treatment option for patients with post-concussion syndrome. However, larger controlled studies are warranted to establish this therapy as a viable option for some of the symptoms that patients experience following episodes of trauma to the brain. This technology may provide a therapeutic treatment option to a condition that is in dire need of a solution.

Bioflex Laser

Next Week: Arthritis and Sports: How to enjoy the game living with arthritis!

Learn More


Resources :

  • Taylor CA, Bell JM, Breiding MJ, Xu L. Traumatic Brain Injury–Related Emergency Department Visits, Hospitalizations, and Deaths — United States, 2007 and 2013. MMWR Surveill Summ 2017;66(No. SS-9):1–16. DOI:
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. Report to Congress on mild traumatic brain injury in the United States: steps to prevent a serious public health problem. Atlanta (GA): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention; 2003.
  • Coronado VG, Haileyesus T, Cheng TA, Bell JM, Haarbauer-Krupa J, Lionbarger MR, Flores-Herrera J, McGuire LC, Gilchrist J. Trends in sports- and recreation-related traumatic brain injuries treated in US emergency departments: The National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-All Injury Program (NEISS-AIP) 2001-2012. J Head Trauma Rehabil 2015; 30 (3): 185–197.
Back To Resources